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Greener Cleanups Information Resources

Greener Cleanups Workgroup and Greener Cleanups

The mission of the Greener Cleanups Workgroup is to increase the net environmental benefit of all phases of cleanup (e.g., assessment and remediation) of releases to the environment by oil and hazardous materials by encouraging “greener cleanups”.  Greener cleanups utilize approaches and technologies that conserve natural resources, improve energy efficiencies, reduce waste, and reduce emissions of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.  Often described and thought of as “Green Remediation”, the Greener Cleanups Workgroup acknowledges the following definitions prepared by others:

  • “Green Remediation” is the practice of considering all environmental effects of remedy implementation and incorporating options to minimize the environmental footprints of cleanup actions. (USEPA, 2010)
  • “Green and Sustainable Remediation” is the site-specific employment of products, processes, technologies, and procedures that mitigate contaminant risk to receptors while making decisions that are cognizant of balancing community goals, economic impacts, and environmental effects. (ITRC, 2011)

The Greener Cleanups Workgroup is working toward:

  • Providing information to State waste management and remediation programs to assist them in incorporating green remediation concepts into their cleanup programs;
  • Identifying, tracking and making available to States the latest green remediation developments, guidance and management practices from the public and private sectors; and
  • Providing a State perspective by reviewing and commenting on EPA documents and documents by other organizations.

Task Force members are cross‐program staff, representing CERCLA, Brownfields and Voluntary Cleanups, RCRA, Federal Facilities, and Tanks.

The inclusion of a document on the webpage should not be construed as an ASTSWMO endorsement of the document unless such endorsement is noted.  State and Territorial green remediation programs may provide updates to the information listed for their States or Territories, or provide new information, by sending an e-mail to ASTSWMO staff Kerry Callahan at


Greener Cleanup Task Force Papers

Green Remediation Myth Busters, August 2009

GCTF Incorporating Greener Cleanups into Remedy Reviews Paper, August 2009

Discussion of Barriers to Greener Cleanups, by Carey Bridges, at the April 2009 Mid-Year Meeting in Columbus, OH

Strategy Document 1: Implementing Greener Cleanups Strategies in the States

GCTF Incentives for Greener Cleanups Paper 6-25-09

State Information Resources


California Department of Toxics Substances Control – Green Remediation

California Department of Toxic Substances Control Green Remediation Initiative, presentation by John Scandura, CA DTSC, March 2008 ASTSWMO Federal Facilities Managers Symposium, San Diego, CA


Illinois Environmental Protection Agency’s greener cleanups website

Greener Cleanups – How to Maximize the Environmental Benefits of Site Remediation (matrix dated February 2008)

Greener Cleanups in Illinois – How to Maximize the Environmental Benefits of Site Remediation (matrix dated February 2008)

Maximizing the Environmental Benefits of Site Remediation, presentation by Gary King, Illinois Environmental Protection Agency, at the April 2008 ASTSWMO Mid-Year Meeting, Mobile, AL


Renewable Energy & Energy Conservation efforts that are happening in Massachusetts


Green and Sustainable Remediation and Redevelopment (GSR2), presentation by Rebecca Bourdon, Minnesota Pollution Control Agency, Remediation Division

New York:

New York State Department of Environmental Conservation – Program Policy on Green Remediation


Oregon Department of Environmental Quality’s Green Remediation Website, which includes DEQ’s Green Remediation Policy that was finalized in November 2011


Wisconsin Initiative for Sustainable Remediation and Redevelopment – click on the Greener Cleanups tab on the Wisconsin DNR Remediation and Redevelopment page

Green & Sustainable Remediation Manual (January 2012)

Wisconsin’s Post-Remedy Sustainability Project, presentation by Mark Giesfeldt, Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, given at the April 2009 Mid-Year Meeting in Columbus, OH

Wisconsin’s Approach to “Greener” Cleanups (WISC), April 2008 ASTSWMO Mid-Year Meeting presentation, Mobile, AL

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Information Resources

  • Web Site:

USEPA Regional Policies for Green Remediation:

USEPA OSRTI -- Methodology for Understanding and Reducing a Project’s Environmental Footprint (Draft, September 2011):

USEPA OSWER Center for Program Analysis -- RE-Powering America’s Land:

EPA Greener Cleanups Web Site:

EPA Superfund and Green Remediation Web Site:

EPA Green Remediation Web Site:

  • Documents:

Potential Advantages of Reusing Potentially Contaminated Land for Renewable Energy Fact Sheet, by the EPA OSWER RE-Powering America’s Land Initiative (July 2012)

Green Response and Remedial Action Contracting and Administrative Toolkit (July 2009 Update)

EPA Green Remediation Primer 

Introduction to Green Remediation: Incorporating Sustainable Practices into Site Remediation (February 2008)

EPA Green Revitalization Think Piece (dated December 26, 2007)

Recover Your Resources – Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle Construction and Demolition Materials at Land Revitalization Projects (issued June 2008)
(also available at the web site:

EPA Case Studies Subtitled “A Construction and Demolition Waste Reduction Success Story” (also available at the web site:

Smart Energy Resources Guide (SERG) (EPA/600/R-08/049, March 2008, 200 pages)

Introduction to Energy Conservation and Production at Waste Cleanup Sites, EPA Engineering Forum Issue Paper, May 2004 (36-page PDF file)

  • Presentations:

    EPA Green Cleanup Standards Development, presentation by Brigid Lowery, Acting Director, EPA Center for Program Analysis and Deborah Goldblum, EPA Region 3, at the April 2009 Mid-Year Meeting in Columbus, OH

Green Approaches in the Land Revitalization Process, presentation by Sara Rasmussen, U.S. EPA, at the April 2008 ASTSWMO Mid-Year Meeting, Mobile, AL

Green Remediation of Contaminated Lands – Region 9 Superfund Sites, presentation by Penelope McDaniel, U.S. EPA Region 9, at the April 2008 ASTSWMO Mid-Year Meeting, Mobile, AL

Carbon Calculus, presentation by Deborah Goldblum, U.S. EPA Region 3, at the April 2008 ASTSWMO Mid-Year Meeting, Mobile, AL

EPA & Green Remediation, presentation by Carlos Pachon, U.S. EPA, at the April 2008 ASTSWMO Mid-Year Meeting, Mobile, AL

Promotion of Sustainable Redevelopment Practices, presentation by Jim Van der Kloot, U.S. EPA Region 5, at the April 2007 ASTSWMO Mid-Year Meeting, Providence, RI

Integrating Sustainability into EPA’s Cleanup Programs – Region 3 RCRA/DuPont Pilot, presentation by Deborah Goldblum, U.S. EPA Region 3, at Greener Cleanups – Chicago meeting, June 27, 2007

Other Organizations


Green and Sustainable Remediation: A Practical Framework (November 2011)



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ASTSWMO's mission is to enhance and promote effective State and Territorial programs and to affect relevant national policies for waste and materials management, environmentally sustainable practices, and environmental restoration.